If you are studying Kubernetes and having a hard time running Minikube on an EC2 Instance, you are not alone. I had a hard time doing it when it was my first time.
Below are the steps (and some comments) that I took to help me run Minikube on my EC2 Instance.
Installation of Minikube on EC2 Ubuntu
1. Run a public EC2 Server with the following setup
|AMI||Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS (HVM), SSD Volume Type|
|Instance Type||t3.micro (2 vCPU, 1GB Memory)|
|Storage||8 GB (gp2)|
|Tags||– Key: Name
– Value: Minikube
|Security Group||Name: Minikube Security Group
Later we will be editing this.
|Key Pair||Create your own keypair.
You will need this to SSH to your EC2 Instance
Update: I changed the Instance Type from t2.micro (1 vCPU) to t3.micro (2 vCPU). An update to Minikube required a minimum of 2 vCPUs. The error when running with t2.micro was
Requested cpu count 1 is less than the minimum allowed of 2.
t3.micro is no longer in the Free Tier, make sure to stop or terminate the instance after you are done testing to avoid a huge AWS bill.
Thank you to everyone in the comments section who pointed this change.
2. SSH into your created EC2 Instance using your keypair.
ssh [email protected]<ipv4_public_ip> -i <keypair>.pem
3. Install kubectl
curl -LO https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/`curl -s https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/stable.txt`/bin/linux/amd64/kubectl
chmod +x ./kubectl
sudo mv ./kubectl /usr/local/bin/kubectl
4. Install Docker
sudo apt-get update && \ sudo apt-get install docker.io -y
Minikube requires Docker.
5. Install Minikube
curl -Lo minikube https://storage.googleapis.com/minikube/releases/latest/minikube-linux-amd64 && chmod +x minikube && sudo mv minikube /usr/local/bin/
6. Check Minikube Version
We have now successfully installed Minikube!
Let’s test it!
Running Minikube on EC2 Ubuntu
Become a root user.
If you are not comfortable running commands as root, you must always add
sudo before the commands
2. Start Minikube
minikube start --vm-driver=none
Do not worry about the warning. As long as you see the message ‘Kubectl is now configured to use the cluster.’ you have successfully ran Minikube.
Note: In the Install Minikube documentation from Kubernetes.io it says that you need to enable virtualization by accessing the computer’s BIOS. For EC2 Instances we do not have access to the BIOS since AWS EC2 instance is a Virtual Machine. Thus we are using the
--vm-driver=none tag. No need to install a Hypervisor (VirtualBox or KVM)
3. Check the status of Minikube
If you see the status as ‘running’ then we can now run
4. Let us run our first container
kubectl run hello-minikube --image=gcr.io/google_containers/echoserver:1.4 --port=8080
5. Expose the container ports so that we can access it.
kubectl expose deployment hello-minikube --type=NodePort
6. Find where port 8080 in container exposed in EC2 Instance port.
kubectl get services
30263 is the EC2 Instance Port where the Port
8080 of the container is exposed.
The EC2 Instance Port changes each time you expose a port, you may have been given a different value than what I have.
kubectl get services command shows the list of services and their exposed ports.
Let us check by accessing this via a web browser on our local computer. But first we need to edit our EC2 Security Group.
7. Edit Security Group of the EC2 Instance to be access
The goal is for us to be able to access the EC2 Instance Port (
30263 for me) via the internet.
EC2 >> (Network & Security) Security Groups >> Minikube Security Group >> Ingress
Press Edit. Then Add Rule.
Add the following.
|Type||Custom TCP Rule|
8. Access the our container via the EC2 Instance Port on a web browser.
The address is
My EC2 Instance has an
IPv4 Public IP of
18.104.22.168. And since my hello-minikube port
8080 is exposed on port
30263, the address that I placed on my browser is
request_uri of the page displayed by the web browser, it says that I am accessing via port
I accessed my container deployment using Chrome on my laptop. You can use any web browser you like (Safari, Internet Explorer, Edge, Firefox, etc.)
Now that we know that we can access our container, let us finish this and clean up.
9. Delete the exposed service (port)
kubectl delete services hello-minikube
10. Delete the deployed container (hello-minikube)
kubectl delete deployment hello-minikube
Stopping Minikube/Shutting Down the Cluster
I hope the above helps when you want to use Minikube on EC2 Ubuntu.
If there are errors, comments, suggestions, or clarifications you can comment them below.